Social Psychological Bulletin https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb <p><strong>Social Psychological Bulletin</strong> (Psychologia Społeczna) is an open-access quarterly no-APC journal (free for both reader and authors), that publishes original empirical research, theoretical review papers, scientific debates, and methodological contributions in the field of basic and applied social psychology. The SP Bulletin actively promotes standards of open-science, supports an integrative approach to all aspects of social psychological science and is committed to discussing timely social issues of high importance.</p> <p><strong><span class="jh_lable">Publication types:</span></strong>&nbsp;Research article, Review article, Short communication, Methods, Data paper, Forum paper, Editorial, Corrigendum, Book review</p> <p><strong><span class="jh_lable">Archived:</span></strong>&nbsp;<a href="https://clockss.org/">CLOCKSS</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.psycharchives.org/">PsychArchives</a></p> en-US spb@psychopen.eu (Michal Parzuchowski & Marcin Bukowski) support@spb.psychopen.eu (PsychOpen Support Team) Wed, 03 Jun 2020 01:04:55 -0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Beyond God and Government: The Role of Personal Control in Supporting Citizens’ Well-Being in the Face of Changing Economy and Rising Inequality https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2663 <p>Based on previous theoretical models, the present research investigated three different psychological constructs (religious belief, trust in government, and the experience of personal control) as moderators of the link between country’s economic growth (i.e., Gross Domestic Product) and income inequality (i.e., Gini) on health, happiness, and life satisfaction. Using a large cross-national data set (N = 490,579), we found that personal control predicted health, happiness, and life satisfaction above and beyond reliance on God and trust in government. Religious belief predicted greater health and buffered the negative effect of income inequality on health only in wealthy economies, but yielded negative correlations with health in poor economies. The associations between personal control and trust in government with well-being outcomes were consistently positive across different levels of countries’ GDP and Gini. Further, personal control also served a compensatory function by buffering the negative effect of income inequality in wealthy economies.</p> Thuy-vy Nguyen, Jonathon McPhetres, Edward L. Deci Copyright (c) 2020 Thuy-vy Nguyen, Jonathon McPhetres, Edward L. Deci https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2663 Wed, 03 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 Brexit and Polexit: Collective Narcissism Is Associated With Support for Leaving the European Union https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2645 <p>In three studies we examine the link between types of national identity and support for leaving the European Union (EU). We found that national collective narcissism (but not national identification without the narcissistic component) was positively associated with a willingness to vote Leave, over and above the effect of political orientation. This pattern was observed in a representative Polish sample (Study 1, n = 635), as well as in samples of Polish youth (Study 2, n = 219), and both Polish (n = 73) and British (n = 60) professionals employed in the field of international relations (Study 3). In Studies 2 and 3 this effect was mediated by biased EU membership perceptions. The role of defensive versus secure forms of in-group identification in shaping support for EU membership is discussed.</p> Aleksandra Cisłak, Marta Pyrczak, Artur Mikiewicz, Aleksandra Cichocka Copyright (c) 2020 Aleksandra Cisłak, Marta Pyrczak, Artur Mikiewicz, Aleksandra Cichocka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2645 Wed, 03 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 The Impact of Sexism on Leadership in Female-Male Climbing Dyads https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2667 <p>We investigated how sexism affected leadership in mixed-gender alpine climbing-dyads. We asked whether benevolent sexism would impair, and hostile sexism would increase (as a form of resistance) women’s leadership; and whether benevolent sexism would increase men’s leadership (as a form of paternalism). A correlational study assessed reported leading behaviour of alpine climbers. Then a vignette-based experiment presented climbers with cross-gender targets, of which three were sexist (non-feminist), and one feminist (non-sexist), and assessed leading intentions depending on targets’ and participants’ gender attitudes. Findings showed that women endorsing benevolent sexism indicated lower leading intentions with targets expressing benevolent sexism (i.e., benevolent and ambivalent men) as compared to hostile sexist men. Moreover, women’s benevolent sexism negatively affected their leading intentions with men endorsing the same gender ideology. Unexpectedly, women with low endorsement of hostile sexism reported higher leading intentions with a hostile sexist man than an ambivalent one, and with an ambivalent than a benevolent man. Conversely, men intended to lead more with female targets who expressed benevolent sexism, accommodating these women’s expectations. Further, men intended to lead more with ambivalent women, than with women deviating from gender stereotypes (i.e., feminist women, or hostile sexist women – who lack expected benevolence based on gender stereotypes). We conclude that benevolent sexism likely reinforces traditional gender roles in a leadership context when men face women who fit the gender stereotype; and when women are benevolently sexist, themselves. Moreover, low hostile sexist women confront men’s hostility with higher leading intentions, as a form of resistance.</p> Clara Kulich, Soledad de Lemus, Pilar Montañés Copyright (c) 2020 Clara Kulich, Soledad de Lemus, Pilar Montañés https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2667 Wed, 03 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700 Sex Sells? The Role of Female Agency in Sexualized Advertisements https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2643 <p>Advertising with sexualized female models is a commonly used technique in the advertisement industry. While “sex sells” is often successful in eliciting positive responses from male consumers, it often elicits negative responses from female consumers. On the one hand, female consumers might perceive sexualization as lacking in value (i.e., as a cheap display of sexuality lacking any kind of commitment). On the other hand, they might perceive sexualization as lacking in agency (i.e., as the model being displayed as an object rather than a subject). In two studies we investigate whether it is the lack of value or the lack of agency in sexualization that leads to more negative evaluations by young female perceivers. We manipulated the slogan in a sexualized advertisement so that it either adds value to sex (but does not add agency to the model) or so that it adds agency to the model (but does not add value to sex). Furthermore, we investigate the role of relatedness between the consumer and model with two advanced methodological approaches manipulating the facial characteristics of the model in the advertisement. In Study 1, we manipulated relatedness via perceived familiarity of the model’s face, whereas in Study 2, we manipulated relatedness via actual similarity between the perceivers’ and the model’s face in the advertisement. Results indicate that the lack of agency rather than the lack of value leads to negative evaluations by female consumers. This effect was pronounced if the advertisement model was relatable to the consumers.</p> Matthias Keller, Mirella Walker, Leonie Reutner Copyright (c) 2020 Matthias Keller, Mirella Walker, Leonie Reutner https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/2643 Wed, 03 Jun 2020 00:00:00 -0700