Social Psychological Bulletin https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb <p><strong>Social Psychological Bulletin</strong> is an open-access quarterly no-APC journal (free for both reader and authors), that publishes original empirical research, theoretical review papers, scientific debates, and methodological contributions in the field of basic and applied social psychology. The SP Bulletin actively promotes standards of open-science, supports an integrative approach to all aspects of social psychological science and is committed to discussing timely social issues of high importance.</p> <p><strong><span class="jh_lable">Publication types:</span></strong>&nbsp;Research article, Review article, Short communication, Methods, Data paper, Forum paper, Editorial, Corrigendum, Book review</p> <p><strong><span class="jh_lable">Archived:</span></strong>&nbsp;<a href="https://clockss.org/">CLOCKSS</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.psycharchives.org/">PsychArchives</a>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Indexed:</strong> <a href="https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/socindex-full-text">EBSCO SocINDEX</a>, <a href="https://www.apa.org/pubs/databases/psycinfo">APA PsycInfo</a>, <a href="https://www.scopus.com/">Scopus</a> (since 2022), <a href="https://doaj.org/">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a>, <a href="https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/37006">Sherpa Romeo</a>, <a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;search_text=%22social%20psychological%20bulletin%22&amp;search_type=kws&amp;search_field=full_search&amp;and_facet_source_title=jour.1328993&amp;order=date">Dimensions</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.scienceopen.com/">ScienceOpen</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_q=&amp;as_epq=&amp;as_oq=&amp;as_eq=&amp;as_occt=any&amp;as_sauthors=&amp;as_publication=social+psychological+bulletin&amp;as_ylo=&amp;as_yhi=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a>, <a href="https://www.openaire.eu/">OPENAire</a>, <a href="https://www.scilit.net/journal-articles?q=journal_id%3A%281403425%29">Scilit</a></p> <p><strong>Member of: </strong><a href="https://freejournals.org/">Free Journal Network</a> (FJN)</p> <p><strong>Top Factor:</strong> <a href="https://topfactor.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">18</a></p> en-US editors@spb.psychopen.eu (SPB Editors-in-Chief) support@spb.psychopen.eu (PsychOpen Support Team) Wed, 06 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Welcome Letter by the new Editors https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8359 <p>No abstract available.</p> Katarzyna Jaśko; Katarzyna Cantarero, Monika Wróbel Copyright (c) 2022 Katarzyna Jaśko; Katarzyna Cantarero, Monika Wrobel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8359 Wed, 06 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Determinants of Adoption and Rejection of Protective Measures During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study in Germany’s Second Wave https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7515 <p><title/>The adoption and acceptance of protective measures are crucial for containing the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. In a recent article in this journal, Dohle et al. (https://doi.org/10.32872/spb.4315) investigated the influence of risk perceptions and trust in politics and science on those constructs in March/April 2020. Since then, the pandemic has undergone several dynamic changes. We analyzed longitudinal data (N = 800) to investigate whether trust and risk were relevant predictors for pandemic measures at a later stage (October 2020/January 2021). The concept of risk perception was supplemented by risk attitude and affective risk to produce a more comprehensive picture of the risk component. We found that greater trust in science at time point 1 predicted less rejection and more adoption of measures at time point 2. Moreover, trust in politics predicted less rejection of measures. From all aspects of cognitive risk perception, only higher severity predicted lower rejection. All other cognitive aspects were non-significant. However, affective risk was shown to be a major predictor: the more the coronavirus was perceived as frightening and worrisome, the lower the rejection and more frequent the adoption of measures. Also, the higher the risk attitude related to health topics, the less frequent the implementation of measures. We replicated the analysis with predictors from time point 2 and deviations are discussed. Our results indicate that affective risk and general attitude toward health risk are more predictive of taking up measures in the context of COVID-19 than cognitive risk.</p> Pia Ochel, Sarah Eitze, Regina Siegers, Cornelia Betsch, Anna Seufert Copyright (c) 2022 Pia Ochel, Sarah Eitze, Regina Siegers, Cornelia Betsch, Anna Seufert https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7515 Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Biological Sex and Psychological Gender Differences in the Experience and Expression of Romantic Jealousy https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/4161 <p><title/>Romantic jealousy is a multidimensional response to a perceived threat to one’s relationship or self-esteem and the specific emotions experienced in the process are complex and interrelated, affecting one another. Many researchers focus on jealousy-related sex differences, however there are few studies exploring gender-specific jealousy. The current study investigated whether individuals representing various types of biological sex and psychological gender differ in their experience and expression of romantic jealousy. The study involved 367 subjects (213 women, 154 men) ranging in age from 18 to 40 years. The assessments were carried out using the Psychological Gender Inventory based on gender schema theory, proposed by Bem, and the author’s own Questionnaire on the Emotion of Romantic Jealousy. The results of MANOVA showed associations between romantic jealousy and both biological sex and psychological gender, however efforts to save the relationship appear to be the only gender-differentiated response to jealousy. Those with a high level of feminine traits are more likely to take action to preserve their relationships. Overall negative emotions elicited by a partner’s infidelity are stronger in women and in feminine individuals. The results confirm it is necessary to take psychological gender into account in research focusing on jealousy. The findings, however, do not support claims suggesting that men and masculine individuals tend to respond with stronger aggression to a partner’s infidelity, as proposed in the literature.</p> Paulina Banaszkiewicz Copyright (c) 2022 Paulina Banaszkiewicz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/4161 Thu, 07 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Political Trust by Individuals of low Socioeconomic Status: The Key Role of Anomie https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/6897 <p><title/>The socioeconomic status (SES) of individuals is related to their political trust. The higher their status, the more they trust the political system. This well-known relation is generally explained in terms of socialisation. The higher the SES, the more people are exposed to democratic values or interact with trustworthy institutions. This increases political interest, which increases political trust. In this study, we propose a complementary explanation: lower SES enhances the perception that the social fabric is breaking down (anomie), and this reduces political trust. We test this hypothesis by using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a representative survey (n = 1203) conducted in the Wallonia region of Belgium. That region appeared suited to explore our hypothesis because of its long-term economic difficulties. The results reveal that those of low SES have less political trust because they perceive more anomie in society. These results are consistent even when the alternative explanation is taken into account (the socialisation hypothesis). Moreover, the results also showed that a higher level of anomie reduced interpersonal trust which reduced political trust (serial mediation). These results highlight the key role of anomie when considering the relation of SES with political trust.</p> Thierry Bornand, Olivier Klein Copyright (c) 2022 Thierry Bornand, Olivier Klein https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/6897 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 -0700 A Single Item Measure of Self-Control – Validation and Location in a Nomological Network of Self-Control, Boredom, and If-Then Planning https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7453 <p><title/>Self-control is a highly adaptive human capacity and research on self-control is booming. To further facilitate self-control research, especially in conditions where time-constraints might render the use of multi-item measures of self-control problematic, a validated time-efficient single item measure would be an asset. However, such a measure has not yet been developed and tested. Here, we address this gap by reporting the psychometric properties of a single item measure of self-control and by assessing its localization within a larger theorized psychometric network consisting of self-control, boredom and if-then planning. In a high-powered (N = 1553) study with paid online workers from the US (gender: 47.3% female, 51.7% male, 1% other; age: 40.36 ± 12.65 years), we found evidence for the convergent validity (Brief Self-Control Scale), divergent validity (Short Boredom Proneness Scale and If-Then Planning Scale), and criterion validity (objective and subjective socio-economic status) of the single item measure of self-control (“How much self-control do you have?”). Network psychometrics further revealed that the single item was part of the self-control subnetwork and clearly distinguishable from boredom and if-then planning, which together with self-control form a larger psychometric network of psychological dispositions that are relevant for orienting goal directed behavior. Thus, the present findings indicate that self-control can be adequately captured with the single item measure presented here, thereby extending the methodological toolbox of self-control researchers by a highly-time efficient measure.</p> Wanja Wolff, Maik Bieleke, Chris Englert, Alex Bertrams, Julia Schüler, Corinna S. Martarelli Copyright (c) 2022 Wanja Wolff, Maik Bieleke, Chris Englert, Alex Bertrams, Julia Schüler, Corinna Martarelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7453 Tue, 10 May 2022 00:00:00 -0700 National Identification, Social Dominance Orientation, and Attitudes Towards Black Pete in the Netherlands: Person- and Variable-Centered Analyses https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7853 <p><title/>Black Pete, a blackface figure, is a popular but controversial part of the Dutch Sinterklaas festivity. Many ethnically Dutch people do not consider the figure to be a racist phenomenon and prefer not to change the figure, although many Black people in the Netherlands consider the figure to be racist. Prior research and public discourse suggest that national identity and wanting to maintain group dominance may explain why many ethnically Dutch people do not want to change the figure. Using a person-centered approach, we investigated if subgroups could be identified whose positive attitudes towards Black Pete and Sinterklaas clustered with high national identification or social dominance orientation (SDO) among Dutch university students (N = 174). Three subgroups were identified. The high national identification group scored high on positive attitudes towards Sinterklaas, Black Pete, and national identity but low on SDO. The high SDO group scored high on positive attitudes towards Sinterklaas, Black Pete, and SDO but low on national identity. The neutral-indifferent group scored low on these variables. Additionally, using a variable-centered approach, we investigated if higher national identification and SDO would be associated with stronger positive towards Sinterklaas and Black Pete. Higher national identification, but not SDO, was associated with stronger positive attitudes towards Sinterklaas. However, national identification and SDO were both associated with stronger positive attitudes towards Black Pete. These findings suggest that many people who prefer not to change Black Pete also have identity concerns or a preference for cultural dominance.</p> Daudi van Veen, Rosanneke A. G. Emmen, Judi Mesman Copyright (c) 2022 Daudi van Veen, Rosanneke A. G. Emmen, Judi Mesman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7853 Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Stereotyping, Prejudice, and the Role of Anxiety for Compensatory Control https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7875 <p><title/>This work examines the influence of personal control and anxiety on stereotyping and prejudice. In two experiments, personal control was manipulated in an autobiographical experience task. In Experiment 1, participants then completed measures of implicit and explicit gender stereotypes. In Experiment 2, implicit and explicit racial prejudice was assessed. Anxiety was tested as a possible mediator of the relationship between personal control and stereotyping and prejudice, respectively. Low personal control was associated with greater gender stereotyping and racial prejudice in explicit measures. Anxiety mediated the relationship between personal control and stereotyping but not between personal control and prejudice. Also, ingroup identification was found to moderate some of the relations between personal control, anxiety and stereotyping and prejudice. The results provide support for stereotyping and prejudice as compensatory control mechanisms, but evidence is mixed regarding the role of anxiety in mediating the processes.</p> Lisa Juliane Schneider Copyright (c) 2022 Lisa Juliane Schneider https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/7875 Mon, 25 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Introduction to a Festschrift in Honour of Bogdan Wojciszke https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/9643 Katarzyna Myślińska-Szarek, Konrad Bocian, Michał Parzuchowski Copyright (c) 2022 Katarzyna Myślińska-Szarek, Konrad Bocian, Michał Parzuchowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/9643 Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Agency and Communion as Fundamental Dimensions of Social Judgment – and Bogdan Wojciszke’s Brilliant Idea on Perspective https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8157 <p><title/>The fundamental dimensions of social judgment and social evaluation, called agency and communion, are overarching constructs in many fields of psychology. Agency is related to goal-striving and “getting ahead”, communion is related to forming bonds and “getting along”. These dimensions are used both to interpret behaviors, and to evaluate targets. Bogdan Wojciszke was the first to relate these dimensions to perspective, and to show that the perspective of an actor is more closely related to agency, whereas the perspective of an observer is more closely related to communion. The “Dual Perspective Model” combines the fundamental dimensions of social judgment and evaluation with perspective and leads to a number of far-reaching hypotheses on social interactions. The model has inspired research in diverse areas of psychology, such as evaluation of brands, stereotypes of groups, evaluation of political leaders, gender research, social desirability research, self-evaluation, bodily posture in social interaction, to name just a few. It has been further developed to a broad-ranging theory applicable to many phenomena in (social) psychology. Bogdan Wojciszke lives his ideals and it is a pleasure and an honor to cooperate with him.</p> Andrea E. Abele Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea E. Abele https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8157 Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Followers Forever: Prior Commitment Predicts Post-Scandal Support of a Social Media Celebrity https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8283 <p><title/>When learning about wrongdoings of others, people are quick to condemn them and make negative inferences about their character. This tends to not be the case, however, when they hold strong positive feelings toward a transgressor, or consider this person to be part of their ingroup. We investigated the extent to which followers of a social media celebrity, Logan Paul, would still support him after a highly publicized scandal, thus exploring whether they would remain loyal given their prior commitment, or instead, feel especially betrayed and therefore revise their previously positive evaluation of him. Using Distributed Dictionary Representations on a large dataset of YouTube followers (N = 36,464) who commented both before and after the scandal, we found that the more often a person had publicly expressed their approval of the protagonist prior to the scandal, the stronger their post-scandal support was. Similarly, prior engagement was also associated with fewer negative moral emotions, and more positive emotions and attempts to defend the transgressor. Furthermore, compared to non-followers of the celebrity, followers were substantially more supportive of him after the scandal. Thus, highly committed fans failed to update existing moral character evaluations even in light of an extreme moral norm violation, a pattern that is consistent with attempts to reduce cognitive dissonance to maintain a positive evaluation of self and transgressor.</p> Simon Tobias Karg, Michelle Lim, Simone Schnall Copyright (c) 2022 Simon Tobias Karg, Michelle Lim, Simone Schnall https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8283 Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Social Position and Personal Versus Social Focus: A Multinational Study of Managerial Values https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8265 <p><title/>Managerial positions involve influencing others, hence the importance of studying the standards guiding managers' attitudes, decisions, and behavior. Drawing on structural theories and psychological findings on the effects of subjective social status, we predict that holding a managerial position is related to individual value structure via self-perceived social rank of those in managerial positions. We argue that holding a managerial position is associated positively with prioritizing values reflecting personal focus (self-enhancement and openness to change value types) and, as a consequence, negatively with prioritizing values reflecting social focus (self-transcendence and conservation value types). Using data from the European Social Survey 2012 (N = 48,105) from 29 countries, we found a mediating effect of subjective social status between holding a managerial position and personal versus social focus not moderated by the country context. We discuss the implications of these findings for psychological theories of social hierarchy and managerial practice.</p> Aleksandra Cisłak, Adrian Wójcik, Olga Białobrzeska Copyright (c) 2022 Aleksandra Cisłak, Adrian Wójcik, Olga Białobrzeska https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/8265 Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Beyond the Features: The Role of Consistency in Impressions of Trust https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/9233 <p><title/>To be successful in social life, perceivers need to form impressions of other people's trustworthiness. Current models of this process emphasize the role of specific descriptive content–individual verbal and visual features determining trust impressions. In contrast, we describe three lines of our research showing that trust impressions also depend on consistency–a sense of fit–between features. The first line demonstrates that consistency of brief verbal characterizations increases trust judgments. The second line shows that trust judgments and behaviors are boosted by incidental consistency between the foreground and background of visual scenes. The third line observes that consistency between facial features enhances impressions of trustworthiness. In all these studies, consistency (measured via subjective ratings, reaction times, and physiological measures) positively and uniquely predicted trust judgments. Overall, our results, and related findings, show that trust impressions are not a simple sum of the contributing parts, but reflect a “gestalt.” We theoretically locate these findings in frameworks emphasizing the role of fluency, predictive coding, and coherence in social cognition.</p> Piotr Winkielman, Andrzej Nowak Copyright (c) 2022 Piotr Winkielman, Andrzej Nowak https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://spb.psychopen.eu/index.php/spb/article/view/9233 Tue, 06 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700