Authorship Policy

Authorship is an important concept in scholarly publishing implying credit and accountability. Therefore common and transparent standards for authorship are needed. It is expected that the following authorship standards will be met by submitters to SPB:

Each author is expected

  1. to have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work; or have drafted the work or substantively revised it;
  2. to have approved the submitted version (and any substantially modified version that involves the author’s contribution to the study);
  3. to have agreed both
    • to be personally accountable for the author’s own contributions
    • to ensure that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work, even ones in which the author was not personally involved, are appropriately investigated, resolved, and the resolution documented in the literature.

Transparency about the specific contributions of each author is encouraged. This can be achieved by a CRediT author statement (assistence in creating such a statement is provided by the tenzing tool). Financial, professional, and personal relationships of any author with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence the work (conflicts of interest / competing interests) must be declared.

For every submission one author has to be assigned as Corresponding Author. The responsibility of the Corresponding Author is

  1. ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission
  2. ensuring that all authors receive the submission and all substantive correspondence with editors, as well as the full reviews
  3. verifying that all data, materials, and code, even those developed or provided by other authors, comply with the transparency and reproducibility standards of both the field and journal.

This authorship policy is based on:
McNutta, M. K., Bradford, M., Drazen, J. M., Hanson, B., Howard, B., Jamieson, K. H., Kiermer, V., Marcus, E., Pope, B. K., Schekman, R., Swaminathan, S., Stang, P. J., & Verma, I. M. (2018). Transparency in authors’ contributions and responsibilities to promote integrity in scientific publication. PNAS.

Please also note PsychOpen's Guidelines on Publication Ethics.